Newsletter on Human Rights Education
and Education for Democracy

Year 1, issue 2 (23 December 2003)
Published by the DARE network
for its members and contacts

Table of content

1. Message from the DARE chairperson
2. EDC and HRE in Romania
3. Triodos Bank, ethical bank where DARE has its account
4. The decision on a European Year of Citizenship through Education (2005)]
5. The past DARE seminar: Antwerp (Belgium, December 2003)
6. Your contribution to e-DARE
7. The next seminar: Budapest (Hungary), 21-25 April 2004
8. The DARE timeline
9. Studies, reports, websites
a) New! EDC Policies in Europe - A Synthesis (Cesar Birzea)
b) New! EDC policy and practice: How to bridge the GAP? - Policy development seminar (report by Graham Morris)
c) For the Record

1. Message from the chairperson

Dear friends and colleagues,

I hope all DARE members who attended the seminar in Antwerp returned home with new ideas and confidence in the growing importance and consolidation of our network. Thank you all for your active interest, for your energies and ideas you provided. Hopefully we’ll meet again in April when we plan our seminar on ICT in HRE and EDC in Budapest.
All DARE members are invited to use this next training opportunity.

2003 has been an important and decisive year for the establishment and recognition of DARE. It has been a rapid and also somehow surprising development which is connected with a lot of challenges in this initial stage and – I suppose – with some confusion as well. The seminar on “Perceptions, Perspectives and Challenges of HRE and EDC” in Antwerp made clear, that there is a strong need for redefining the history and structure of DARE. Please, let me try again to explain both.

DARE was initiated in August 2002. 12 countries attended the first meeting. They agreed on the necessity of finding funding possibilities in order to be able to implement common activities. The most appropriate programme was SOCRATES / Grundtvig 4, which supports adult education by networking. It was clear that we had to try to apply for funding within the framework of this programme, which we did. The deadline for the pre-proposal was the first of November 2002. We invited the founding members of DARE to participate. They are the so-called “participating organisations” representing different nations, with a focus on the enlarged Europe and the twin fields of HRE and EDC.

After the approval of the pre-proposal in February 2003 we applied in March for the full proposal. Parallel to this activity the former steering committee tried to attract NGOs, organisations and institutions of HRE and EDC in many European countries, including the enlarged Europe, to join the new network.

These candidates supplied profiles of their organisations and submitted a declaration of interest, which provided the basis for their approval as members of DARE at the first General Assembly in June 2003 in Antwerp. Thus the total number of member organisations is greater than the number of “participating organisations”. However, all members present at the General Assembly approved the work plan of the Grundtvig project (October 2003 –September 2006) as binding for future activities.

We know this is quite a complex structure. Following the approval of our application for Grundtvig4 by the European Commission, funding is dependent upon the implementation of the work plan, now legitimised by the DARE General Assembly. Despite this history of development of DARE, it is the 13 original “participating organisations”, who retain responsibility for the fulfilment of the work plan in the context of the Grundtvig project, which is the basis for all the network’s activity, including the newsletter and the website. However, ALL ACTIVITIES AND SERVICES PROVIDED BY THE NETWORK ARE AVAILABLE TO ALL DARE MEMBERS. This includes attendance of seminars and conferences and use of the newsletter and website. There is no question of first or second class membership; nor does this arrangement arising from the particular historical sequence of events prevent us in any way as a network and as individual members from developing additional activities, finding new partners within the network for common project or from introducing new ideas, concepts or practices. The network needs the competencies, experience and exchange of ALL members, not only to remain alive, but also to represent strongly the importance of HRE and EDC as a crucial element of education in Europe.

I wish you all a merry Christmas and a happy and peaceful New Year

Hannelore Chiout


2. EDC and HRE in Romania

In Romania civics seems to be taken seriously. Both the Ministry of Education and a famous NGO called Center Education 2000+ have new and hopefully substantive programmes in the area of civic education:

  1. The tutor class (one period per week for the 1st to the 12th grade) received a new content: education for democratic citizenship. The Ministry developed a very complex teaching material according to the age of the students, and this is currently field tested in some counties. A similar set of activities has been prepared for the former Pioneers’ Clubs, the so called Children's Clubs where group tasks aim to help students to perform in concrete community contexts.
  2. The Service for evaluation and examination prepares a system of evaluation in civics for the eighth graders. We hope this will be a real turning point acknowledging the necessity of authentic assessment for an effective teaching of this subject.
  3. Local school inspectorates and the Romanian Institute for Human Rights are in charge of the national competition for HRE, education for democracy and peace education materials. Teaching materials targeting students as well as research and methodological papers are to participate in the final exhibition in summer 2004.
  4. Center Education 2000+ has started a three-year training programme for history teachers who teach civics in the seventh and eighth grades. The current stage consists of training national trainers who will be in charge of training several thousands of teachers all over Romania.

Corina Leca – CRED, the Romanian Center for Education and Human Development, December 2003


3. Triodos Bank, ethical bank where DARE has its bank account

Triodos Bank is a social bank lending only to organisations and businesses with social and environmental objectives. Triodos Bank is well known for its innovative and transparent approach to banking. Savers at Triodos Bank know where their money is working. Triodos Bank NV was founded in 1980 in the Netherlands and is a fully-licensed independent bank, owned by public shareholders. Triodos Bank belongs to a widespread network of national and international financial institutions active in the social economy.

Triodos Bank has always been, and remains, about transparency and the realisation of social, environmental and cultural objectives in day to day banking. This integrated approach has been fundamental to the Bank since it was established in 1980. Triodos Bank has been a pioneer and still is a leading innovator in sustainable banking.

Triodos Bank only finances enterprises which add social, environmental and cultural value - in fields such as renewable energy, social housing, complementary health care, fair trade, organic food and farming and social business. We also finance fair trade and microcredit organisations in developing countries. We do this with the support of depositors and investors who wish to contribute to social justice within the context of a more sustainable economy.

Today, Triodos Bank has offices in the Netherlands, Belgium and the United Kingdom.

For Zeist (the Netherlands) look at www.triodos.nl
for Brussels (Belgium) look at www.triodos.be
for Bristol (UK) look at www.triodos.co.uk

In 2004 Triodos Bank intends to open an office in Madrid, Spain. For more information please look at www.triodos.es

More information on the 'European' Triodos Bank: www.triodos.com/

VORMEN, Belgian member of DARE, makes use of the banking services of Triodos Bank since 2001, and was happy to get financial support from Triodos Fund, a Fund related to the bank. The DARE network, wich has been registered under Belgian law, has also its bank account with this bank.

The DARE IBAN account number: BE29 5230 8017 9164
The BIC (SWIFT) number of Triodos Bank Belgium: TRIOBE91
The address of Triodos Bank Belgium: Hoogstraat 139/1, B-1000 Brussels


4. A European Year of Citizenship through Education (2005)

A decision on this (Council of Europe) European Year has been taken at the Athens (Greece) meeting of the European ministers of Education, 10-12 November 2003. Quoted from the official document:

"We, the European Ministers of Education of the 48 States Parties to the European Cultural Convention, meeting on the occasion of the 21 st session of the Standing Conference in Athens, from 10 to 12 November 2003, adopt the following Declaration:


11. Request the Council of Europe, as an organisation with a wealth of experience in the fields of managing diversity, intercultural education and quality education, to tailor its education programme and working methods in order to implement the following strategies and give fresh impetus to these activities by developing a coherent, feasible and integrated action plan;

In this connection, it should:


i. develop quality assurance instruments inspired by education for democratic citizenship, taking account of the intercultural dimension, and develop quality indicators and tools for self-evaluation and self-focused development for educational establishments;


12. Call on the Council of Europe to organise a European Year of Citizenship through Education (2005), which will make it possible to capitalise on and implement the achievements of the Council of Europe in the field of education for democracy;


The full text of the decision can be found at the Council's EDC webpages.


5. The past DARE seminar: Antwerp (Belgium, December 2003)

From 4-6 December 2003, 24 DARE members came together in Antwerpen, Belgium, to discuss perpectives and challenges for EDC/HRE. During the seminar it became clear once again that EDC and HRE have more in common than is often assumed and that DARE has a bright future ahead of it. Although various participants expressed a desire for a more interactive seminar, with more room for each member to share their experiences, the overall impression of the seminar was positive. As one participant put it: "Despite initial problems we are growing as a network".

The sessions during the seminar consisted of a mix of 15-minute presentations from DARE members about their organisation's work, and small group discussions on differences and commonalities of EDC/HRE and needs and priorities for DARE. We learned a lot about EDC/HRE approaches and activities in Croatia, Germany, Lithuania, Netherlands, Norway, Romania and the United Kingdom.

One of the highlights of the seminar was certainly the "interview" session that was organised on Saturday morning, a classic participatory exercise. Participants were paired with the assignment to interview each other for five minutes, after which they had to present their partner to the whole group, which not surprisingly was a lot of reason for laughter and interesting new perspectives on colleagues we thought we already knew quite well. (Thank you, Chrissie, for spontaneously organising this session!)

The seminar was conluded on Saturday afternoon with a plenary workplanning session. (Thanks to Judith Neisse for assisting us with this session.) Based on the needs and priorities identified earlier during the seminar and the requirements of the Grundtvig grant, a workplan for 2004 was developed. The detailed workplan for 2004 will be shared with members early in the new year.

One of the specific recommendations made during the seminar was to strengthen communication among DARE members by setting up listserv. (In the meantime members should have received the first messages via the new DARE listserv). The seminar ended on Saturday night with (another) wonderful dinner in a cozy -- "gezellig" in Flemish -- restaurant in downtown Antwerpen. During this last supper, several participants already looked ahead to the next seminar on ICTs in Budapest, as they introduced the basics of SMS text messaging to some of us who are technologically challenged....

Thanks to Wim, Sabine, Hannelore and Katrin for making this seminar possible! (The full report of the seminar, texts of presentations and seminar evaluation results will be made availble on the DARE website in the months to come.)

Frank Elbers


6. Your contribution to e-DARE

DARE members can submit articles for eventual publication in e-DARE. Draft publishing guidelines will be issued and communicated via the members listserv. As it is foreseen that the next issue of e-DARE be sent out at about 19 February, we invite you to send in your text a couple of weeks before this date.


7. The next DARE seminar: Budapest (Hungary), 21-25 April 04

Invited: the DARE members

Practicalities of the seminar:

Seminar theme: ICT (information- and communication technologies) in EDC and HRE

The meetings will take place in the European Youth Centre of Budapest (premises belonging to the Council of Europe, directorate Youth and Sports).

A formal invitation (one person per member organisation) and a draft program will be sent out later.

Travel costs, hotel costs and meals for the DARE members are, with certain restrictions, covered by the Grundtvig project. For members from countries who don't belong to the EU Socrates programme, the DARE board hopes to find a solution allowing them to participate at the same conditions. More details about this seminar will be sent as soon as they are available.


8. The DARE timeline

August 2002 DARE founded at Sonnenberg / Germany
Draft constitution
Election of steering committee / decision to apply for Grundtvig 4
November 2002 Pre-proposal Grundtvig 4 “DARE – Democracy and Human Rights
Education in Adult Learning” with 13 participating organisations
Meeting of steering committee: strategy to attract HRE and EDC organisations/ institutions, list of potential candidates
January 2003 Meeting of steering committee: Review of future members and potential candidates, review of constitution, preparation of full Grundtvig proposal
February 2003 Presentation of Grundtvig proposal in Brussels
Registration of DARE network in Belgium
March 2003 Submitting of Full Proposal for Grundtvig
April 2003 Funding of DARE conference in Antwerp, June 2003, by the Belgian Minister of Foreign Affairs
June 2003 First conference of the DARE network “Perceptions, Perspectives and Challenges of HRE and EDC”
First General Assembly of DARE network and approval of members (30 organisations in 23 European countries)
September 2003 Approval of Grundtvig application by the European Commission (10/ 2003 – 9/ 2006)
October 2003 Start of activities
December 2003 First session of permanent working groups (participating organisations) and first seminar (all DARE members) in the framework of the Grundtvig project

Hannelore Chiout


9. Studies, reports, websites
a) EDC Policies in Europe - A Synthesis (Cesar Birzea)
Quoted from this study (the quote in itself stems from one of the regional studies of which the mentioned study is a synthesis)
"... there is a considerable gap, in most countries, between the rhetoric of EDC in lifelong learning and the actual practice. The contribution of EDC in this area is not as comprehensive and well-established as that in the formal education setting of schools. Many countries have no clear links between formal education and lifelong learning settings for EDC and no policy for making and strengthening such links. What links exists are stronger between formal education and the youth sector than with the world of work and employment. The most established links are in the period of transition as students move from formal education to other education, vocational training and work-based routes. These are stronger in countries with a recognised tradition in and system of vocational education and training which is, in turn, linked to adult education."
The full text of the study can be found at the Council of Europe website, which also contains a page with an overview of EDC studies available via the internet.
b) EDC policy and practice: How to bridge the GAP? - Policy development seminar (report by Graham Morris)
For many DARE members the quote hereunder could be of interest:

"4.1 Recommendations to national authorities:
1. that they should ensure that there exists in each country a sufficient basis of institutions or NGOs with the necessary expertise and capacity to support EDC through the provision of policy advice, curriculum guidance, training of trainers, resource development and public promotion; "

The full text of the report can be found at the Council of Europe website, which also contains a page with an overview of reports on EDC available.

c) For the Record (adapted from "HR Eye - your e-News from HRI!!", electronic newsletter of Human Rights Internet - www.hri.ca)

[editor's note: for DARE members this website could be interesting because it provides quick access to accurate and up-to-date information on actual human rights evolutions, but also because of its country reports which complement country reports provided by NGO's such as Amnesty International and Human Rights Watch]

For the Record (FTR) is an on-going HRI project. FTR is an annual report that brings together and summarizes all the relevant human rights information generated from within the United Nations (UN) system and the European Human Rights system.  An important reference and education tool for those active in national and international social justice movements, the report also aids in simplifying the human rights work of the UN and the Council of Europe for the uninitiated, journalists, students, teachers and the general public. Published in English and French on the Web and on CD-Rom, FTR gathers all UN human rights documents into one resource, thereby saving individuals hours of research time. It includes detailed summaries of UN reports, ECHR cases, UN resolutions, and recommendations that allow users to have a quick and comprehensive review of country situations and developments on specific issues. Hyperlinks included in the summaries also give access to the full-text original UN or Council of Europe documents, making it easy for people to obtain primary sources when needed.

FTR also makes it easy to locate information, especially for those who are less familiar with the UN and the Council of Europe system and their terminology, by classifying documents and summaries by country and by theme. The 2002 version of FTR includes the following “hot topics”:  Economic, Social and Cultural Rights; HIV / AIDS; Human Rights Defenders; Impunity; Internally Displaced Persons; Migrants and Migrant Workers; Terrorism and Human Rights; Treaty Bodies; Women. For more information on FTR go to the Web site: www.hri.ca/fortherecord


This newsletter is edited by DARE, Democracy and Human Rights Education in Europe network

Editor Wim Taelman.
DARE, c/o VORMEN vzw
Lange Gasthuisstraat 29
B-2000 Antwerp (Belgium)

Contributions for this newsletter can be sent to: wim.taelman@vormen.org

DARE correspondence address:

Hannelore CHIOUT
DARE network chairperson
Mühlendamm 3
D-10178 Berlin, Germany
Tel.: 00-49-30-400 401 17
Fax: 00-49-30-400 401 22
E-mail: chiout@adbildungsstaetten.de
Url: www.dare-network.org
DARE members can subscribe to this newsletter by sending additional e-mail addresses to wim.taelman@vormen.org
If you want to unsubscribe, send a message containing your e-mail address to wim.taelman@vormen.org.